MEWR COS 2020: Building a Climate-Resilient Singapore for Singaporeans, with Singaporeans
Singapore, 4 March 2020 - During the Committee of Supply debates on 4 March 2020, Mr Masagos Zulkifli, Minister for the Environment and Water Resources, and Dr Amy Khor, Senior Minister of State for the Environment and Water Resources, spoke on the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR)’s key initiatives to build a climate-resilient Singapore, for and together with Singaporeans.
A CLIMATE-RESILIENT SINGAPORE
2 As a small island city-state, Singapore is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It is crucial that Singapore continues to strengthen efforts to meet the long-term challenges of climate change.
Mitigating Climate Change
3 The Government has put in place a comprehensive suite of measures to reduce carbon emissions across all sectors. This includes the implementation of a carbon tax, efforts to improve industrial energy efficiency, and the greening of our transport. We are introducing further measures to mitigate climate change:
a. Reducing the emission of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
i. A package of mitigation measures will be introduced to reduce the emission of hydrofluorocarbons. The proper recovery, reclamation and destruction of spent refrigerants will be mandated, along with restrictions on equipment using HFCs with high global warming potential.
b. Encouraging climate-friendly choices
i. A S$24.8 million Climate-Friendly Household Package will be introduced to help households living in 1- to 3-room HDB flats purchase energy-efficient appliances and water-efficient shower fittings.
c. Green Waterworks
i. PUB will be deploying floating solar PV systems at Bedok, Lower Seletar, and Tengeh Reservoirs by 2021. With this, Singapore will be one of the few countries in the world to have 100% green waterworks.
d. Reducing vehicular emissions
i. To support the shift to cleaner commercial vehicles, a new Commercial Vehicle Emissions Scheme will be introduced for new Light Goods Vehicles. The Early Turnover Scheme (ETS) will also be enhanced to encourage the early turnover of existing pollutive commercial vehicles.
Adapting to Climate Change
4 We have initiated efforts to address the multi-faceted impacts brought about by climate change, such as sea level rise, more frequent and intense storms, prolonged dry weather, and the exacerbated threat of vector-borne diseases. To ensure that Singapore is well-protected from rising sea levels, we will continue to step up plans to adapt to climate change:
a. Coastal protection
i. PUB, Singapore’s National Water Agency, will take on the role of the national Coastal Protection Agency from April 2020, to lead national efforts across the public and private sector. A Coastal and Flood Protection Fund will be set up within PUB, with an initial funding of $5 billion from the Ministry of Finance.
SUPPORTING SINGAPORE’S TRANSITION TO A CIRCULAR ECONOMY
5 The way we produce, consume and dispose in our daily lives has a direct impact on our environment and climate. The Resource Sustainability Act introduced last year established a regulatory framework to address three priority waste streams – packaging waste including plastics, e-waste, and food waste. We will be taking these steps to better manage these waste streams:
a. Packaging waste including plastics
i. Producers of packaged products will be required to collect their packaging data from 1 July this year, for submission to the National Environment Agency (NEA) early next year. The NEA will partner the industry to develop a joint capability development programme that will support companies in fulfilling their new obligations.
ii. As part of the first phase of the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) framework, a Deposit Refund Scheme (DRS) for beverage containers will be implemented by 2022.
iii. NEA is also working with government and industry partners to explore establishing a pilot plant that will help anchor the chemical recycling value chain in Singapore within the next few years.
i. NEA will launch a tender to appoint the Producer Responsibility Scheme (PRS) operator, which will take charge of the collection and proper treatment of e-waste in Singapore. The operator will be appointed by the second half of this year.
ii. Two planned recycling facilities by EWR2 and SMC Industrial will be completed by mid-2020 and mid-2022 respectively.
c. Food Waste
i. In consultation with the industry, NEA has finalised the thresholds for premises that will be required to segregate food waste for treatment.
i. NEA plans to launch a Request for Information (RFI) by mid-2020 for a commercial-scale NEWSand production facility.
GAME-CHANGING OUR SINGAPORE FOOD STORY
6 Climate change is anticipated to affect access to critical resources such as food. To be more resilient against disruptions in our food supply, Singapore is pursuing three strategies, known as the three ‘food baskets’: (i) further diversifying food import sources; (ii) growing food overseas; and (iii) increasing local food production. We have an ambitious ’30-by-30’ vision — to meet 30 per cent of our nutritional needs with food produced in Singapore, by 2030. We will continue to safeguard food safety in Singapore. The following new initiatives will support these:
Increasing Local Food Production in a Sustainable Manner
a. Optimising land and sea space for food production
i. The Singapore Food Agency (SFA) will study how the larger Lim Chu Kang agriculture area can be planned and developed to enhance food production and reduce the cost of production for farms.
ii. SFA will also study the expansion of sustainable sea-based fish farming. Stakeholders will be engaged as part of these studies.
b. Facilitating high-tech, productive and sustainable farms to set up in Singapore
i. SFA is working with Enterprise Singapore (ESG) to develop a Clean and Green Standard for urban farms, to help local farms brand their products as fresh and grown in cleaner environments. This would also help them differentiate their products in both local and overseas markets.
ii. To support farms in their productivity-enhancing investments, the Agriculture Productivity Fund (APF) will be extended till the end of 2020.
c. Facilitating the introduction of alternative proteins and ensuring safety for consumption
i. Building on the novel food regulatory framework implemented last year, SFA will establish an international expert working group to provide scientific advice on food safety.
Safeguarding Food Safety
a. Monitoring food preparation and retention of food samples
i. To safeguard food safety, food establishments which pose higher food safety risks, such as caterers and central kitchens, will be required to install Closed-Circuit Televisions Cameras.
ii. Food establishments catering to vulnerable groups such as preschools, kindergartens and nursing homes will be required to maintain food retention samples.
b. New framework for food licensing
i. SFA will introduce a single, unified framework to license and recognise food establishments. Food establishments with higher food safety assurance will be awarded a longer licence duration and higher recognition.
Supporting Community Involvement in Urban Farming
a. Growing spaces in the community
i. To strengthen community involvement in food security initiatives, SFA will continue to facilitate the expansion of urban rooftop farming in HDB Multi- Storey Car Parks across Singapore.
BUILDING A LIVEABLE AND ENDEARING HOME TOGETHER
7 As reflected in NEA’s recently launched SG Clean campaign, everyone plays a part in strengthening Singapore’s public health and environmental hygiene. We will be strengthening environmental sanitation controls, as part of measures to build a national culture of keeping clean.
a. Strengthening environmental sanitation controls
i. The Environmental Public Health Act will be amended to introduce mandatory cleaning standards, including a regime for pro-active routine cleaning and disinfection at prescribed frequencies. The new requirements will be progressively implemented from 2021, starting with higher-risk premises with high footfall and immuno-vulnerable occupants.
8 Hawker culture is an integral part of our daily lives, and hawker centres play an important role in society as our community dining rooms. We will continue with our efforts to sustain the hawker trade and support hawkers:
a. Supporting hawkers during the current COVID-19 situation
i. As part of the Stabilisation and Support Package announced during Budget 2020, a one-month rental waiver, with a minimum sum of $200, will be provided to all stallholders in hawker centres managed by NEA or NEA- appointed operators.
b. Enhancing the Hawkers’ Productivity Grant
i. The Hawkers’ Productivity Grant (HPG) will be enhanced to include market stallholders, and the funding period will be extended to 31 March 2023.
GOOD JOBS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR ALL
9 Building a sustainable, liveable and climate-resilient Singapore brings economic opportunities for our industries and enterprises, and creates good jobs for Singaporeans.
a. Higher-value jobs for Singaporeans
i. Through upskilling and technology adoption, more than 45,000 people will benefit from higher-value jobs in the environmental services, food and water sectors over the next 5 – 10 years.
ii. NEA will be strengthening the competencies of Environmental Control Officers (ECOs) and broadening work areas to more premises types.
iii. To strengthen food safety in Singapore, SFA will enhance the training framework for Food Hygiene Officers (FHOs).
iv. SFA will work with the Nanyang Technological University (NTU) this year to launch a post-graduate certificate for urban agri-technology, to equip fresh graduates and working professionals in the agri-food value chain.
v. TES-B, EWR2 and SMC Industrial’s upcoming e-waste recycling facilities will add another 430 jobs to the industry.
DRIVING SUSTAINABILITY WITH SINGAPOREANS
10 Singaporeans and stakeholders from all sectors of society can contribute to a sustainable and liveable Singapore:
a. Eco Towns
i. MEWR and the Ministry of National Development (MND) will work together to strengthen environmental sustainability in HDB towns. We will target to make community touchpoints more sustainable, such as the creation of sustainable hawker centres that strive towards zero waste. Community- based programmes encouraging sustainability will be introduced. Indicators for towns to track their progress and benchmark against national sustainability targets will be rolled out.
b. Establishment of SG Eco Fund and SG Eco Office
i. To support the co-creation of sustainable initiatives, a $50 million SG Eco Fund will be made available to the people, private and public sectors. An SG Eco Office will also be set up within MEWR to co-ordinate sustainability projects across Singapore.
c. Citizens’ Workgroups
i. Two new Citizen’s Workgroups will be convened this year — to discuss ways to increase demand for local produce; and to reduce the excessive use of disposables. Members of the public are invited to register their interest in the workgroup on local produce from 4 March 2020.
11 Together, we can build a climate-resilient Singapore — for Singaporeans, with Singaporeans.
MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND WATER RESOURCES
4 MARCH 2020
ANNEX - Establishment of SG Eco Fund and SG Eco Office